Coming soon to Theology & Religion Online

Eerdmans Old Testament Commentaries logo

This collection offers 79 extensive commentaries drawn from six key series, from the accessible Illuminations Commentary Series to the weightier International Theological Commentary. World-class biblical scholars draw on a range of interpretative tools to deliver insight into every book of the Hebrew Bible. Explore details of the six series below and get in touch to line up your free trial.

Please contact us to request information on pricing or to line up a 30-day free trial at your institution:

Explore the series included:

Eerdmans Commentary on the Bible

Providing commentary on all 66 biblical books and the Apocrypha, with reader-friendly treatments and succinct summaries, Eerdmans Commentary on the Bible is the finest single-volume Bible handbook available.

The Eerdmans Critical Commentary

Accessible to academics and serious general readers alike, Eerdmans Critical Commentary reflects the contributions of recent textual, philological, literary, historical, and archaeological inquiry. Drawing from a broad range of denominational backgrounds, authors remain sensitive to the original meaning of the text and its relevance for today.

The New International Commentary on the Old Testament

Each volume of The New International Commentary on the Old Testament features an extensive introduction treating the biblical book's authorship, date, purpose, structure, and theology, followed by the author's own translation of the original Hebrew and a verse-by-verse commentary. The commentary itself carefully balances coverage of technical matters with exposition of the biblical text's theology and implications.

International Theological Commentary

The International Theological Commentary offers a relevant exegesis of the Old Testament text as Holy Scripture by exploring the theological significance of the Old Testament and emphasizing the relevance of each book for the life of the Church. Authors, representing a wide range of geographical, ideological, and ecclesiastical backgrounds, read the Hebrew text of the Old Testament in the twin contexts of Israel and our present day.

The Two Horizons Old Testament Commentary

The Two Horizons Old Testament Commentary engages in theological exegesis and theological reflection. It provides a paragraph-by-paragraph engagement with the text that is deliberately Theological in focus and also locates each Old Testament book in relation to the whole of Scripture, asking what each biblical book contributes to biblical theology.

Illuminations Commentary Series

The Illuminations Commentary Series offers an in-depth exploration of the Bible that is designed to be accessible and enjoyable. Each volume in the series offers a big-picture understanding of the biblical book in question without compromising scholarly depth.

Eerdmans Digital Reference Library logo

This collection will comprise of 43 core reference works designed to support the interdisciplinary study of theology, religion, and the Bible. Featuring award-winning encyclopedias, theological dictionaries of the Bible, and further reference works, this digital product will be an essential companion to enrich understanding of the Bible and subsequent scholarship and traditions. Explore details of the works included below and get in touch to line up your free trial.

Please contact us to request information on pricing or to line up a 30-day free trial at your institution:

Explore the series included:

Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament

Leading international scholars from various religious traditions present in-depth discussions of the key Hebrew and Aramaic words in the Old Testament, from everyday senses to theologically significant concepts. Each article reflects on linguistic and semantic connections with a larger group of words and includes detailed surveys of a word’s occurrences in biblical material as well as in other ancient Near Eastern writings. The emphasis, however, remains on Hebrew terminology and biblical usage.

Theological Dictionary of the New Testament

This monumental 10-volume reference work is the authorized and unabridged translation of the famous Theologisches Wörterbuch zum Neuen Testament, known commonly as "Kittel". Mediating between ordinary lexicography and the specific task of exposition, the Theological Dictionary of the New Testament treats more than 2,300 theologically significant words as well as many proper names from the Old Testament. Each word is typically discussed in relation to its secular Greek background, its role in the Old Testament, its use in extra biblical Jewish literature, and its varied uses in the New Testament.

Encyclopedia of Christianity

With over 1,700 articles in the Encyclopedia of Christianity, it depicts the global spectrum of Christianity across 170 countries. Covering current topics such as abortion, secular philosophy, psychoanalysis and modernity, the articles balance the current sociocultural context with the rich history of Christianity.

Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Christian Art and Archaeology

This award-winning and richly illustrated encyclopedia of 1,455 entries includes work from over 400 scholars from disciplines including archaeology, art history and theology to offer readers a truly comprehensive reference work.

It draws on archaeological and epigraphic evidence to give a basic orientation to early Christian architecture, sculpture, painting, mosaic, and portable artifacts created roughly between AD 200 and 600 in Africa, Asia, and Europe.

Single-volume works

Download (above) the full title list to see the list of single-volume works included in the collection.

The T&T Clark Encyclopedia of Second Temple Judaism

This collection will provide a comprehensive reference resource of over 600 scholarly articles, 192 images and 16 colour maps for scholars and students interested in Judaism of the Second Temple Period. It draws on the expertise of a series of specialists with a mixture of resources to become an essential guide to the field. Explore details of the work below and get in touch to line up your free trial.

Please contact us to request information on pricing or to line up a 30-day free trial at your institution:

Explore the sections included:

Introduction and Survey of Scholarship

This section supports new entrants to the field through a discussion of terminology, an introduction to contemporary study and outlines areas to challenge perceptions of ancient Judaism.

Contexts of Second Temple Judaism

This section focuses on the contexts that shine light on events within the period. This section traces the development of historical, social, political and religious changes from the exile in the late 6th century B.C.E. through to the end of the Bat Kokhba revolt in 135 C.E..

The Literature of Second Temple Judaism

This section explores the wide selection of primary-source literature linked to Second Temple Judaism. The articles introduce and summarise individual works as well as providing an examination of critical issues such as date, provenance, location, language(s) and interpretative matters.


This section reflects on a range of topics across the Second Temple Period including; places, practicses, historical figures and concepts. These articles are enhanced with images, maps, drawings and diagrams to ensure scholars can fully immerse themselves within the field.

The Bible and Western Christian Literature

The Bible and Western Christian Literature is a 1.5 million word resource providing researchers with an authoritative resource on the impact and influence of the Bible upon the development of literature by charting this relationship from the classical period to the modern day. With international contributions to reflect the biblical text itself, this work considers the broader geographical, philosophical, and theological factors to consider as part of the Bible's role in culture and society. Explore details of the work below and get in touch to line up your free trial.

Please contact us to request information on pricing or to line up a 30-day free trial at your institution:

Explore the sections included:

The five sections cover: The Late Classical and Medieval Periods, The Renaissance and Reformation Periods, Enlightenment to Romanticism, The Nineteenth Century, and The Modern Period.

Each section is edited by a leading specialist in the period, and begins with a set of introductory materials including a chapter on how the biblical text is mediated in the given period. Ten thematic essays follow to introduce the key thinkers, works, events and themes of the period. Extracts from primary materials are presented with specialist commentary showing how these texts interact with the Bible itself.