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Visual Culture

The Dictionary of the Bible and Ancient Media

Bloomsbury Academic, 2017

Reference

...The term visual culture refers to the full expanse of images manifested, produced, and consumed by a given culture, as well as the agents, institutions, conceptualities, and practices that put those images to use. The term may also be used...

Painting

Christianity: The Complete Guide

Continuum, 2005

Reference

...Controversies at the end of the twentieth century in the press and in museum and academic circles, over Chris Ofili’s The Holy Virgin Mary and Andy Warhol’s The Last Supper have revived the debate that has now gone on for almost 2000 years...

Sculpture

Christianity: The Complete Guide

Continuum, 2005

Reference

...In the Jewish tradition, which was initially followed by Christianity, sculptures are associated with idolatry, and the larger the sculptures, the more threatening they are. They are a source of offence...

Community arts

Christianity: The Complete Guide

Continuum, 2005

Reference

...Down the ages, Christians have been involved in events which have involved whole communities, such as pageants, processions, carnivals and mystery plays, and many of these forms of community art still survive to the present day, perhaps...

Drama

Christianity: The Complete Guide

Continuum, 2005

Reference

...For many early Christians, the idea of Christian drama would have been a contradiction in terms. This was largely due to the inevitable association of ‘theatre’ with popular Roman spectacles that relied on live violence and obscenity...

Potmarks/Potter’s Marks

The Dictionary of the Bible and Ancient Media

Bloomsbury Academic, 2017

Reference

...The term potmark is used to describe a non-decorative sign or symbol on the surface of a ceramic vessel. This mark may be painted, scratched, incised, stamped, or applied (as a clay addition). Potmarks take a variety of shapes, ranging from...

Monuments

The Dictionary of the Bible and Ancient Media

Bloomsbury Academic, 2017

Reference

...Many civilizations, though not all, create monuments. Certainly the major empires that span the biblical writings – Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Persia, Macedonia (Syria and Egypt), and Rome – engaged in monumentalizing, constructing palaces...

Iconography

Christianity: The Complete Guide

Continuum, 2005

Reference

...Iconography is an academic discipline essentially concerned with the study of images. It is concerned to examine what is significant and interesting about imagery, rather than what may be regarded as art. Its chief interest...

The Iconographic Types of the Virgin in Western Art

Mary: The Complete Resource

Continuum, 2019

Reference

...Translated by Imogen Forster Associates, from ‘Les Types Iconographiques de la Vierge dans l’Art Occidental’, in Hubert du Manoir (ed.) Maria: Etudes sur la Sainte Vietpe, vol. II, Paris: Beauchesne, 1952: 106–29. Editor’s Introduction...

Performance Arena

The Dictionary of the Bible and Ancient Media

Bloomsbury Academic, 2017

Reference

...The term performance arena designates the literal and figurative place of oral performance – both a geographical site (possibly with ritualistic overtones) and a metaphorical area where performers and audience go to experience an oral text....